LFS-Bare-Build hint

Frank Schafer frank.schafer at setuza.cz
Wed Oct 17 02:00:36 PDT 2001

Finally I finished testing of this hint file.

-------------- next part --------------
LFS VERSION:	Any recent LFS with kernel > 2.2 glibc-2.2 gcc 2.95.3
AUTHOR:		Frank Schafer <frank.schafer at setuza.cz>

SYNOPSIS:	This hint is a collection of the experience I made during the
		build of a LFS system on a machine with no OS installed and
		some information from different INSTALL-HOWTOs with some
		further suggeetions.

VERSION:	17-10-2001

Most of the recent Linux distributions provide an easy way to make a machine
running this wonderful OS -- but there are some disadvantages:
1'st: Nearly all ( all ) distributors package things together, so one has the
      possibility to choose, which of the ( distribution ) packages to install,
      but probably ( mostly ) get things installed she don't wamt to.
2'nd: Using a lane and plain distribution install-CD one will never understand
      in deep, how things work under *NIX.
3'rd: Using a binary distribution one doesn't know, how the single packages
      were configured.
4'th: Binary distributions have to ensure, that they can be installed on every
      machine ( assuming INTEL ). So they build their packages without any
      subtarget options applied to the compiler, and end up with i386 code.
      Of course, a PENTIUM IV is able to run this code, but it'll run it faster,
      if the compiler made real PENTIUM-IV-instructons.
Thanks to Gerard and friends - LFS came in turn. The LFS people did a great
work, supplying the knowledge of how to build a custom Linux "distribution" to
almost everybody. Such a custom build has the advantages, that one can choose
fine grained what will run on her machine, that we know how the packages
are configured ( we configure ourselves ;-), adding the -march switch to our
Makefiles can be used, to create code for the processor one has on her
machine instead if the default i386 code, and last but not least one will
win a lot of knowledge doing this all.
The only disadvantage of LFS as-is is, that it is build on a machine with Linux
already installed into a seperate partition on the harddisk. Mostly there won't
be so much unused disk space, to create a new partition which is sufficient for
the task of building a whole system. Furthermore this way we can't plan a
layout for the filesystem ( we simply have everything in one large partition ).
Using a PC with only the BIOS installed, to build the LFS system can solve this.
In fact, as the time of this writing I've dropped all binary distributions and
use the LFS style to install ( or better build ? ) new hosts.

So let's go
You cannot build an operating system using only the BIOS of a PC - of course. So
we will need a machine, where all the nesessary tools are available. You can use
every PC with linux installed for this task. In my first case I used a Slackware7.1 distribution with glibc-2.1.3, kernel 2.2.16 and gcc-2.91.66. I'll call this
machine the MOTHER further on.
I intended to build an LFS system with glibc-2.2.3, kernel 2.4.8 and gcc-2.95.3.
I'll call this machine the CHILD further on.
The first trouble, I ran into was the upgrades of glibc and of the kernel, so be
aware if this.

First preparation steps ( MOTHER )
We need the tools we need to build the system, and what we are using the MOTHER
for, on the CHILD too. First we use the MOTHER, to build them.
You will have to look for a filesystem, which has enough free space to build.
Let's say, a:

	# df -k

gives you this output:

	Filesystem           1k-blocks      Used    Available Use% Mounted on
	/dev/hda1            101089         20516   75354     22%  /
	/dev/hdb1            1035692        731688  251392    75%  /usr
	/dev/hdb3            101089         17      95853     1%   /tmp
	/dev/hdb5            101089         2931    92939     4%   /var/spool
	/dev/hdb6            497829         260506  211621    56%  /opt
	/dev/hdb7            2158384        1110060 1048324   51%  /v_dsk

Then you have enough space in /v_dsk.

Note: If You plan ( like I did ) to reuse the static part of the build, you
      should NOT add any -march switches to your Makefiles. So you ensure to
      have code, which runs on every machine.

If you want to reuse the static build for further LFS builds I suggest you to
create a "private" version of glibc and ncurses ( the only libs we need for
this ). First make a backup of the static libs in /usr/lib and /lib. We could
of course use the -nostdlib switch to cc and to add all the libs manually, but
we'd have to do this for every package from chapter 5. That's why I've choosen
this way.
The following is "stolen" from the lfs-3.0pre3-upgrade hint.
  You will need to unpack glibc and glibc-linuxthreads, and create the
  glibc-build directory in your source directory. Then change into glibc-build
  and do:
        # ../glibc-2.2.1/configure \
          --prefix=/usr \
          --disable-shared \
          --disable-profile \
          --enable-add-ons \
        # make
        # make install_root=/v_dsk/static-libs install
        # cd /v_dsk/static-libs/usr/lib
	# cp -a * /usr/lib
  Doing this and following my note above, you will end up with i386 code, which
  don't use a hardware FPU.
  Unpack the ncurses package you want to use, change into the ncurses directory
  and do:
	# ./configure \
	  --with-install-prefix=/v_dsk/static-libs \
	  --prefix=/usr \
	  --libdir=/lib \
	  --without-shared \
	  --without-profile \
	  --without-debug \
	# make
	# make install
	# cd /v_dsk/static-libs/lib
	# cp -a *.a /lib
  This links the ncurses libs against the glibc without FPU usage.

Now we can create a directory for the LFS static build in /v_dsk.

	# mkdir /v_dsk/lfs

If you now do an:

	# export LFS=/v_dsk/lfs

you can follow exactly the instructions of chapter 5 of the LFS-BOOK, to build
all necessary tools for the build of the final LFS system.
There is one exception: You don't need the kernel header files ( in $LFS ) for 
this build, so leave this step alown.
Too, at this point, you shouldn't do the steps after ''Installing Textutils''.
Once you finished with chapter 5 of the book, you should burn out 

	# rm -rf $LFS/usr/include

Everything we need is now in $LFS. 

If you have made the "private" build for the libs above, you now should restore
them from the backup you made.

At this point we have all we need to make the final build, but we have it on the
MOTHER, which is definitively the wrong machine.
So we'll now need to bring the CHILD to life. Again we use the MOTHER. Now we
will make a set of floppy disks, which we will boot the CHILD with. This is
taken from the Bootdisk-HOWTO. So if something I describe here remains unclear,
use this as a reference.
There are still some things, we still havent built, which are nesessary for a
system boot. We'll need a kernel, of course, init and login must be available
on a rootdisk, we will need to mount filesystems, we will need to partition the
disk on the CHILD ( fdisk ) and we will need to create filesystems ( mke2fs )
and, because we won't be able to build without, we need to create and turn on
swap on the CHILD ( mkswap, swapon ). Because we'll use NFS during the build
we'll need to configure our NIC ( ifconfig, route ).

Let's now populate the filesystem for our root-disk. We'll create first a
directory for this.

	# mkdir /v_dsk/rootfs

The root filesystem will have all programs in /bin or /sbin and all libraries in
/lib for simplicity. So:

	# mkdir /v_dsk/rootfs/{bin,dev,etc,lib,mnt,proc,sbin,var,MOTHER}

is sufficient.
The /MOTHER directory will be used later on the CHILD, to mount the directory,
which contains the static binaries via NFS from the MOTHER.

And we have to do:

	# mkdir /v_dsk/rootfs/var/{log,run}
	# touch /v_dsk/rootfs/var/run/utmp

Because these directoties/files are needed by login.

Next we'll create the devices ( in /dev of course ). I'll use the traditional
``mknod'' here.

	# cd /v_dsk/rootfs/dev

You could copy all the devices from /dev to here of course, and delete, what you
don't need, but on the rootdisk we need only a few, so we do:

	# mknod -m 660 console c 5 1
	# mknod -m 660 fd0 b 2 0
	# mknod -m 660 hda b 3 0
	# mknod -m 660 hda1 b 3 1

Which HD devices you want to create depends on, how many partitions you plan to
create on your HDs and what disk(s) you have. More information on the commands
above you find in the manual for mknod, and in the devices.txt file, which is
part of the kernel distribution.

	# mknod -m 660 initrd b 1 250
	# mknod -m 660 kmem c 1 2
	# mknod -m 666 null c 1 3
	# mkdir pts
	# chmod 755 pts
	# mknod -m 660 ram0 b 1 0
	# mknod -m 644 random b 1 8
	# mknod -m 666 tty c 5 0
	# mknod -m 600 tty0 c 4 0
	# mknod -m 600 tty1 c 4 1	# 2 virtual consoles are enough
	# mknod -m 600 tty2 c 4 2	# for a rootdisk floppy
	# mknod -m 644 urandom c 1 9
	# mknod -m 666 zero c 1 5

The next diectory we'll have to populate is /etc. So let's go there;

	# cd /v_dsk/rootfs/etc

First, we need an rc-script. The one we use is fairly simple.

	# cat > rc
	/bin/mount -av
	/sbin/ifconfig lo
	/sbin/route add -net netmask lo
	/sbin/ifconfig eth0 IP.OF.THE.CLD broadcast BROADCAST \
					      netmask NETMASK
	/bin/mount -t nfs IP.OF.THE.MTR:/v_dsk/lfs /MOTHER
	# chmod 755 rc

Replace ``IP.OF.THE.CLD'' with the IP-address, you have choosen for the CHILD,
and BROADCAST and NETMASK with the broadcast address and netmask of your site
The same way replace ``IP.OF.THE.MTR'' with the IP-address of the MOTHER.

Now we'll create the fstab file.

	# cat > fstab
	/dev/ram0       /               ext2    defaults
	/dev/fd0        /               ext2    defaults
	/proc           /proc           proc    defaults

Here is the inittab file for our rootdisk.

	# cat > inittab
	1:12:respawn:/sbin/agetty tty1 9600
	2:2:respawn:/sbin/agetty tty2 9600

All services on our boot/rootdisk booted CHILD are provided by local files. So
the creation of the nsswitch.conf looks like this:

	# cat > nsswitch.conf
	passwd:     files
	shadow:     files
	group:      files
	hosts:      files
	services:   files
	networks:   files
	protocols:  files
	rpc:        files
	ethers:     files
	netmasks:   files
	bootparams: files
	automount:  files
	aliases:    files
	netgroup:   files
	publickey:  files

Oh, and somebody needs to be able to log into the CHILD. This should be the
person who builds it, what is done by the administrator ( of course ). So we'll
create passwd and group this way:

	# cat > passwd
	root::0:0:The cruely admin:/:bin/sh
	# cat > group

Be aware, that root doesn't have a password this way, so have the floppies on a
secure place.

We'll use bash, so the profile could have the following form:

	# cat > profile
	PS1='LFS-BUILD : \w \$ '
	export PS1 PS2 PATH

The floppy system will be dynamically linked, that's why we'll need ld.so.conf
and ld.so.cache too.

	# cat > ld.so.conf
	# touch ld.so.cache	# ( this is needed by ldconfig )

In the case, the MOTHER uses ``termcap'' one will have to copy the termcap file.

	# cp /etc/termcap .

In this case I advise, to delete all but the linux entry in this file.

In the case the MOTHER uses terminfo, one will have to copy the terminfo
database ( and create the appropriate directories ). For that case it should be
sufficient, to do a:

	# mkdir -p /v_dsk/rootfs/usr/lib/terminfo/l
	# cp /usr/lib/terminfo/l/linux /v_dsk/rootfs/usr/lib/terminfo/l

The location on the MOTHER obove is only an example.

This is all we need in /etc, and next we'll provide the programs in /bin and
/sbin. We'll "borrow" all the programs, which we need to boot and which are not
available from the static build, from the mother. I've already mentioned theese

	# cd /v_dsk/rootfs/sbin
	# cp /sbin/agetty .
	# cp /sbin/fdisk .
	# cp /sbin/ifconfig .
	# cp /sbin/init .
	# cp /sbin/ldconfig .
	# cp /sbin/mke2fs .
	# cp /sbin/mkfs .
	# cp /sbin/mkfs.ext2 .
	# cp /sbin/mkswap .
	# cp /sbin/modprobe .
	# cp /sbin/route .
	# cp /sbin/swapon .

	# cd /v_dsk/rootfs/bin
	# cp /bin/bash .
	# ln bash sh
	# cp /bin/login .
	# cp /bin/mount .
	# cp /bin/umount .

More we don't need to boot. Some of the utils above could be located in other
directories on YOUR MOTHER. You should use ``which'' to see where they are and
copy them to the appropriate location in /v_dsk/rootfs.
Note, that THIS part of your floppy system is dynamically linked, so we have
to provide /lib too.

	# cd /v_dsk/rootfs/lib
To see, which libs we need, we will have a look at every of the above programs
using ldd. Here is an example:

	# ldd /sbin/agetty
	libc.so.6 => /lib/libc.so.6 (0x4001d000)
	/lib/ld-linux.so.2 => /lib/ld-linux.so.2 (0x40000000)
	# ls -l /lib/libc.so.6
	lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  13 Jul 13 16:15 /lib/libc.so.6 -> libc-2.2.3.so
	# ls -l /lib/libc-2.2.3.so
	-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   1191848 Jul 13 10:59 /lib/libc-2.2.3.so
	# cp /lib/libc-2.2.3.so .
	# ln libc-2.2.3.so libc.so.6
	# ls -l /lib/ld-linux.so.2
	lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 11 Jul 13 16:15 /lib/ld-linux.so.2 -> ld-2.2.3.so
	# ls -l /lib/ld-2.2.3.so
	-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  94888 Jul 13 10:59 /lib/ld-2.2.3.so
	# cp /lib/ld-2.2.3.so .
	# ln ld-2.2.3.so ld-linux.so.2

This must be done for all the programs in /bin and /sbin. One don't need to copy
libs already copied of course. In the example above, I used ``ls -l'' to see, if
this is a link or the lib itself. For the latter case I've copied it, in the
former case, I created a link too. Note that I use hardlinks. This saves a lot
of inodes on the floppy ( BTW: on a production system this speeds up library
loading ).
Don't forget to do the ``ldd''s for the libs too.
This part of the population of the filesystem is ( due to my experiences ) most
error prone. So be careful to not forget anything.
One library needed we probably won't find using the technique above: the NSS
library. We put ``files'' for everything into nsswitch.conf. So we need only:

	# cp /lib/libnss_files-2.2.3.so .
	# ln libnss_files-2.2.3.so libnss_files.so.2

One cuold have another version, so the name of the files is - again - only an

On MY example - MOTHER the content of /lib looks like this:

	# ls -i
	 210671 ld-2.2.3.so         210672 libext2fs.so.2
	 210671 ld-linux.so.2       210672 libext2fs.so.2.4
	 210670 libc-2.2.3.so       210676 libncurses.so
	 210670 libc.so.6           210676 libncurses.so.5
	 210673 libcom_err.so.2     210676 libncurses.so.5.2
	 210673 libcom_err.so.2.0   210680 libnss_files-2.2.3.so
	 210679 libcrypt-2.2.3.so   210680 libnss_files.so.2
	 210679 libcrypt.so.1       210678 libshadow.so.0
	 210677 libdl-2.2.3.so      210678 libshadow.so.0.0.0
	 210677 libdl.so.2          210675 libuuid.so.1
	 210674 libe2p.so.2         210675 libuuid.so.1.2
	 210674 libe2p.so.2.3

At this point we could provide kernel modules. I don't do this, because I'll
build a special kernel for the bootdisk, which everything needed has directly
built in, and everything not needed ( FOR THE BOOTDISK ) disabled.

At this point we are done with the population of the directory structure for
the root filesystem. So let's make it a real filesystem. First we'll create a 
file for it.

	# dd if=/dev/zero of=/v_dsk/FSFILE bs=1k count=4096

The initial ram-disk of the kernel is 4 MB, so I've created a file of this size.

	# mke2fs -m 0 /v_dsk/FSFILE

Here we'll get a warning about the fact, that we create a filesystem not using
a special block device, but that's exactly what we intend to do, and we can
ignore this ( say Y to the question mke2fs asks ).

	# mount -t ext2 -o loop /v_dsk/FSFILE /mnt

Possibly the kernel of your MOTHER doesn't provide loopdevice support. In this
case you'll have to rebuild your kernel before running the last command.

	# cd /v_dsk/rootfs
	# cp -a * /mnt
	# cd /mnt
	# chroot /mnt /sbin/ldconfig
	# cd /v_dsk
	# umount /mnt

Now put a newly formatted floppy disk into your mechanic and do:

	# dd if=FSFILE bs=1k | gzip -v9 > rootfs.gz
	# dd if=rootfs.gz of=/dev/fd0 bs=1k		# ... and

umpf, we have our rootdisk.

Next we make the bootdisk. This contains only the kernel. I've coosen this way
for simplicity again. We could make a combined boot/rootdisk but we'd have to
take care for more aspects.
Making the kernel, we do the same procedure as with every kernel rebuild. The
kernel MUST support RAM-Disk, INITRD and MUST have support for the NIC built
in. Due to the fact, that we will mount the MOTHER via NFS, we need NFS support
of course. It MUST NOT have devfs support, and it SHOULD NOT support things not
necessary for a bootdisk ( sound, isdn, NLS, ... ).

Next we make a bare bootdisk without LILO. Again, put a newly formatted floppy
into your drive. From your kernel source directory do:

	# cd arch/i386/boot
	# dd if=bzImage of=/dev/fd0 bs=1k

The kernel make built a kernel set up for your harddisk. We have to change
this to have a kernel for the floppy.

	# rdev /dev/fd0 /dev/fd0
	# rdev -R /dev/fd0 0

The last step for the bootdisk is to set up the ramdisk word. Bit 14 indicates
the kernel, that a ramdisk is to be load. Bit 15 indicates, that the kernel
should prompt for the insertion of the root floppy disk.

	# echo $(( 2 ** 14 + 2 ** 15 ))
	# rdev -r /dev/fd0 49152

At this point we have nearly everything prepared for our CHILD. The last we do
sitting on the MOTHER is to share /v_dsk/lfs to the child.
If your MOTHER doesn't support NFS server, you'll have to recompile the kernel
Now make sure, that the portmapper is started before inetd, and that rpc.nfsd
and rpc.mountd is started after inetd.
We have to edit /etc/exports now, to enable the export we want. Evtl. we have to
create this file.

	# cat > /etc/exports
	/v_dsk/lfs	ADR.OF.THE.CLD(ro,insecure,no_root_squash)

Change ``ADR.OF.THE.CLD'' with the IP address, you have choosen for the CHILD.
Now we apply the changes in /etc/exports.

	# ps ax | grep mountd
	132 ?        S      0:00 rpc.mountd
	# ps ax | grep nfsd
	135 ?        S      0:00 rpc.nfsd
	# kill -1 132 135

O.K., I know ... I could use some killall* or pidof here, but THIS works too
and everywhere.

The packages needed to build the system are naturally stored on the disks of
the MOTHER. It should be a good choice, to copy these to a location, the CHILD
will see later. On the example MOTHER these were in /usr/src/pkgs.

	# cd /usr/src
	# cp -a pkgs /v_dsk/lfs

This way, the CHILD will see the packages in /MOTHER/pkgs.

Finally we've reached the point, we can lift our ass from the chair in front of

Before you sit down again ( this time in front of the CHILD ), you should have
a cup or glass or bottle of some drink you prefer.

NOTE: If you choose bottle and your preferred drink is Whisky, I suggest you
      NOT to continue before next day afternoon.

Welcome back to the server - center. Take now the floppies made above and sit
down in front of the CHILD.
Put the boo .... I think we know how to start a Linux box from floppies.

We see:

	( none ) login: 

That's o.k., we don't have a hostname yet. If login as ``root'' you should get
a prompt without supplying a password.

	LFS-BUILD : / #

There is still one thing, what could be wrong at this point -- the connection to

	LFS-BUILD : / # mount
	/	/dev/ram0
	proc	/proc
	/MOTHER IP.OF.THE.MTR/v_dsk/lfs

If you see something like this, everything is fine.

We still don't have any space, to make the final build of the LFS to. So we 
have to plan our filesystem layout now.
How this layout looks like, depends of course heavily from the main tasks the
machine is planned for.
A size of the ``/'' filesystem of about 100MB is more than sufficient for Linux.
With about 1GB for /usr we can build the whole system including X there, and
will still have some reserve. How much ``/tmp'' you plan is server dependent. I
suggest NOT to leave it on ``/''. This directory is word writeable, and having
something world writeable on ``/'' could lead to some kind of ``ROOT FILESYSTEM
FULL''. I usually plan about 500MB for ``/opt'' ( There I use to have things
like Netscape, GNOME, Windowmanagers etc. ). If there shall run something with
heavy logging or spooling, it's not a bad choice, to plan en extra fs for
``/var''. One could plan some space for ``/usr/local''. I do so, because I
configure all subsystems special for a host ( proxy, webserver, dhcp, dns ... )
to live there.
I'll give the fs-layout which I use to set up for an experimantal server as an

	hda1	/		 100 MB
	hdb1	/usr		1000 MB
	hdb2	/usr/local	 500 MB
	hdb3	/tmp		 200 MB
	hdb5	/var		 200 MB
	hdb6	/opt		 500 MB
	hdb7	/v_dsk		what remains on the HD I have

I use to use a 100MB disk ( I have a couple of them ) as root-disks. hdb4 is
an extended partition, and the swap is on hdb8.
If you say: "I don't wanna wonder about this. So I'll place everything into one
large partition." however, nobody will bite you.
Don't forget to plan some swap space and to create a partition for it.

Having the fiilesystem layout planned, we create the partitions with ``fdisk''
and the filesystems and swap on them with ``mke2fs'' and ``mkswap''. Last we 
can ( and should ) activate the swap space.

Onesmore we populate a filesystem, but this time the FINAL for the LFS system.
I'll do this due to the example above, thus this could differ for you.

	# mount /dev/hda1 /mnt
	# mkdir /mnt/{usr,tmp,var,opt,root,v_dsk}
	# mount /dev/hdb1 /mnt/usr
	# mkdir /mnt/usr/local
	# mount /dev/hdb2 /mnt/usr/local
	# mount /dev/hdb3 /mnt/tmp
	# mount /dev/hdb5 /mnt/var
	# mount /dev/hdb6 /mnt/opt
	# mount /dev/hdb7 /mnt/v_dsk

	# mkswap /dev/hda8
	# swapon /dev/hdb8	# if not already done

Now set the LFS environment variable for the CHILD.

	# export LFS=/mnt
	# mkdir $LFS/usr/include

I've choosen this point to install the kernel header files ( from chapter 5 ).
This way we have only things NEEDED in $LFS, and we can SECURE say, that the
base system and the new system aren't wired in any kind.

	# mkdir $LFS{etc,lib}

Here You should complete chapter 5. Remember, we still didn't the points
``Creating passwd and group files'' to the end of this chapter.

The ``.profile'' ( or bash_profile due to the book ) remains in $LFS/root and
should contain:

	# cat > $LFS/root/.profile
	PS1='LFS-BUILD : \w \$ '
	PS2='> '
	export PS1 PS2 PATH

Here we are in a pinch a bit. We need ``chroot'', which is amongst the tools
imported from the MOTHER, but inside the chroot'ed environment we'll loose all
these tools.

	# cd $LFS
	# mkdir /mnt/MOTHER
	# cp /MOTHER/usr/bin/chroot /bin
	# umount /MOTHER
	# mount -t nfs ADR.OF.THE.MTR:/v_dsk/lfs /mnt/MOTHER
	# chroot $LFS /MOTHER/usr/bin/env -i HOME=/root TERM=$TERM \
		/MOTHER/bin/bash --login

... will solve this problem.

>From here on You can follow the instructions of the LFS-BOOK chapter 4 ( except
the things already done ) and the remainder of chapter 6 to The End ...

... and You are done.

Some final suggestion:
	I broke the instructions of chapter 4 a bit. I didn't make the link
	between ``/usr/doc'' and ``/usr/share/doc''. Instead I've created
	both directories. In ``/usr/doc'' I create for every package I install
	a directory ``package-ver.s.ion'', and in these directory 2 files,
	NOTES and URL. URL should be clear, and in NOTES I remember, how I've
	configured the package. O.K., one could say: "Leave the source tree
	intact, and use config.status!", but I don't have the TB disk, required
	for this, at hand just now :o(. One can choose another location for this
	of course, but doing this at all will ease your administration later.
	Sure you know situations, when you read in a manpage: "... If thisprog
	is configured with superfeature enabled, you can use the --sf switch
	to do superious things". Or one plans to build and install newprog, and
	the INSTALL instructions say, that dependprog with neededfeature
	enabled has to be installed first. In these cases this helps a lot.
	All the real doc goes to ``/usr/share/doc''.
	If you add --with-info-dir=/usr/share/info to every package you install,
	you'll get probably the most complete info directory you have ever 
	If You'd choose this way to build Your LFS system, it's not a bad choice
	to have a hardcopy of the LFS-BOOK at hand.

	You don't need to use NFS. Of course it is possible, to use floppies to
	transfer the statics from the MOTHER to the CHILD. In this case you will
	need some more tools on your rootdisk.
	Once ( To say the truth, I did it twice. ) done this I changed NFS to
	CD-ROM, having the static part on a CD and only the kernel on a combined
	It's - too - possible to make a complete system upgrade this way.
	Simply replace the NFS mount with a mount of the partiton containing
	the lfs directory, and change the paths in the profile on the rootdisk
	and in the chroot'ed environment accordingly. Then burn out all other
	partitions and build.

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