a new printing hint

Wolfgang Arendt Wolfgang.Arendt at gmx.de
Sat Jan 5 06:49:54 PST 2002


I managed to contact Fabio Fracassi, the "printing.txt" hint's author,
as you could read on this newsgroup. He is willing to merge the two
hints together.

As I noticed, there is another hint, that covers the same thing, named
"print.txt", but deals a little more in depth with kernel configuration

I will try to contact that hint's author too and ask him, whether we can
make one big document out of what we have now.

In any way, this "printing2.txt" hint obsoletes my ghostscript hint.

I changed the "printing2.txt" hint a little bit (in such a manner, that
links appear as such).

Would you commit it once again, please?

Wolfgang Arendt
-------------- next part --------------
TITLE:          Printing
AUTHOR:         Wolfgang Arendt <Wolfgang.Arendt at gmx.de>

                Installing printing software on an LFS system


Table of contents

     * Introduction
     * Packages
     * Users and groups
     * Building gdbm
     * Building LPRNG
     * Installing Ghostscript
     * Installing psutils
     * Installing a2ps
     * Installing apsfilter


   This document describes all steps, that have to be taken, in order to
   make an LFS system print. It is based on the printing hint by Fabio
   Fracassi and on the ghostscript hint written by myself.


   The basic printing system consists of the following packages:
     * gdbm-1.8.0.tar.gz: ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/gdbm/
     * LPRng-3.8.4.tgz: ftp://ftp.lprng.com/pub/LPRng/LPRng/
     * psutils-p17.tar.gz: ftp://ftp.dcs.ed.ac.uk/pub/ajcd/
     * a2ps-4.13:a2ps-4.13: ftp://ftp.enst.fr/pub/unix/a2ps/
     * apsfilter-7.1.1.tar.gz: http://www.apsfilter.org/download/
     * ghostscript-7.00.tar.gz:

   We will build LPRNG with gdbm support. It will run as user lp, member
   of the daemon group. In this example, the GID of the group daemon is 5
   and so is the UID of the user lp. Please modify all commands to fit
   your environment. All components will install their configuration into
   the /etc directory.

Users and groups

   First, check, whether you have a user named lp, that is member of
   group daemon. If so, then skip the rest of this section.

   All others create the user with the following commands:
groupadd -g 5 daemon
useradd -u 5 -d /var/spool/lp -s /bin/sh -g daemon lp

Building gdbm

   The configure script does not seem to recognize the --prefix=...
   option correctly, so we will manually make an adjustment to the

./configure &&
ed Makefile <<EOF
make &&
make install

Building LPRNG

   LPRNG seems to behave a little nasty, if you use optimization higher
   than O2. You may try to compile it with your usual compiler flags. But
   if this fails, try "-O2"

   Build LPRNG with the following commands:
./configure --prefix=/usr \
  --sysconfdir=/etc \
  --with-userid=lp \
  --with-groupid=daemon &&
make &&
make install

   Instead of using the start stop script, that comes with LPRng, create
   such a file from the template.

Installing Ghostscript

   Extract ghostscript and change to the top-level-directory of the
   distribution. If you use version 5.10 you will find all the source
   files in that directory. Users of version 6.5 and higher will find
   subdirectories there, containing the sources, libraries etc.

   If you can not find a file named unix-gcc.mak in your present
   directory (which should be gs<VERSION>), then copy it there from the
   src subdirectory.

   Stay in the same directory and extract the zlib-package. This creates
   a directory named zlib-1.1.3. Rename this directory to zlib (or make a

   Extract jpegsrc.v6b.tar.gz and rename the jpeg-6b directory to jpeg
   (or make a symlink).

   Extract libpng-1.2.1.tar.gz and move the libpng-1.2.1-directory to
   libpng (or - guess, what - make a symlink).

   Create the file changes.sed, containing the following lines:
s|prefix = /usr/local|prefix = /usr|
w Makefile

   Now create the Makefile, by running the following command:
sed -n -f changes.sed unix-gcc.mak

   Now, you should be ready to compile the whole thing. Just run:
make &&
make install

   If the compilation fails with error messages, containing something
   about zdevcal.c, then append the line
#include <time.h>

   to the file src/time_.h and try again. (This might have to do with
   glibc-2.2.... but I am not sure about it).

   Finally extract the fonts to the /usr/share/ghostscript directory. The
   directory structure should look somewhat like this:

Installing psutils

   The following command will install psutils. It is configured for paper
   size a4. If you need another media type, then you need to change the
   line beginning with PAPER= in the Makefile.
cp Makefile.unix Makefile &&
ed Makefile <<EOF
make &&
make install

Installing a2ps

   Compile a2ps by entering:
./configure --prefix=/usr \
  --sysconfdir=/etc \
  --enable-shared &&
make &&
make install

Installing apsfilter

   First of all, it has to be said, that apsfilter does not build, if you
   do not have a mail transfer agent installed, whose binary is linked to
   /usr/bin/sendmail. If you (like me) have a machine, whithout such
   program, you can still get apsfilter to compile if you just create a
   fake sendmail by touching the file named /usr/bin/sendmail and making
   it executable:
touch /usr/bin/sendmail &&
chmod 750 /usr/bin/sendmail

   Then, compile apsfilter by entering
./configure --prefix=/usr \
  --sysconfdir=/etc &&
make &&
make install

   Last thing, that you have to do is, to configure apsfilter using

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