(no subject)

Jim Gifford giffordj at linkline.com
Mon Mar 4 12:34:54 PST 2002


How did you get around the hostname problem. The problem where it changes
the host name to -f???


"David Ayers" <fogey at mindspring.com> wrote in message
news:20020304131010.68220724.fogey at mindspring.com...
> TITLE: Installing XFree86 4.2 using latest 4.2 source or from
> a patched 4.1 source.
>
> LFS VERSION: 3.x
>
> AUTHOR: Dave Ayers <fogey at mindspring.com>
>
> CREDITS: Matthias S. Benkmann <m.s.b at gmx.net>
> Sergey Ostrovsky <sostrovsky at snip.net>
> Ryan Strayer <rstrayer at kc.rr.com>
>
> REFERENCES: xfree86_41.txt (Benkmann)
> x11.txt (Ostrovsky)
>
> SYNOPSIS: This hint takes the xfree_41.txt hint by Matthias
> Benkmann and adapts it for a straightforward
> installation of XFree86 4.2 without any special
> optimizations.
> HINT:
>
> Download the newest zlib from http://www.gzip.org/zlib (unless it is
> already installed.)  Unpack the source tar file in a temporary
> directory of your choice, then cd to the source tree directory created
> for installation. Install with
>
>    ./configure --shared &&
>    make test &&
>    make prefix=/usr install &&
>    cp zlib.3 /usr/share/man/man3 &&
>    /sbin/ldconfig
>
> Option A - Install from latest XFree86 4.2 packages.
> ----------------------------------------------------
>
> Download from ftp://ftp.xfree86.org/pub/XFree86/4.2.0/source/
>
>    X420src-1.tgz
>    X420src-2.tgz
>    X420src-3.tgz
>
> Unpack and cd to xc/ directory
>
> Option B - Install 4.2 from a fresh XFree86 4.1 source tree
> -----------------------------------------------------------
>
> Download from ftp://ftp.xfree86.org/pub/XFree86/4.2.0/patches/
>
>    4.1.0-4.2.0.diff1.gz
>    4.1.0-4.2.0.diff2.gz
>    4.1.0-4.2.0.diff3.gz
>    4.1.0-4.2.0.diff4.gz
>    4.2.0.tgz
>
> This patch should be applied to an unmodified XFree86 version 4.1.0
> source tree.  There are four patches that change the 4.1.0 source tree
> to XFree86 version 4.2.0.
>
> To apply this patch, move the 5 files to the directory containing your
> XFree86 4.1 'xc' directory. Then run:
>
>    gzip -d < 4.1.0-4.2.0.diff1.gz | patch -p0 -E
>    gzip -d < 4.1.0-4.2.0.diff2.gz | patch -p0 -E
>    gzip -d < 4.1.0-4.2.0.diff3.gz | patch -p0 -E
>    gzip -d < 4.1.0-4.2.0.diff4.gz | patch -p0 -E
>    rm -f xc/extras/freetype2/builds/mac/ftlib.prj
>    rm -fr xc/extras/freetype2/docs/design
>    rm -fr xc/extras/freetype2/docs/glyphs
>    rm -fr xc/extras/freetype2/docs/image
>    rm -fr xc/extras/freetype2/docs/tutorial
>    rm -f  xc/programs/Xserver/hw/darwin/bundle/English.lproj\
>      /MainMenu.nib/objects.nib
>    rm -f xc/programs/Xserver/hw/darwin/bundle/Japanese.lproj\
>      /Localizable.strings
>    rm -f xc/programs/Xserver/hw/darwin/bundle/Japanese.lproj\
>      /MainMenu.nib/objects.nib
>    gzip -d < 4.2.0.tgz | tar vxf -
>
> Continue from here (either option)
> ----------------------------------
>
>    cd xc
>
> Edit config/cf/site.def to change XKB from NO to YES. Then run:
>
>    echo $'#define HasZlib YES\n' >> config/cf/site.def &&
>    echo $'#define HasNCurses YES\n' >> config/cf/site.def &&
>    make World &&
>    echo /usr/X11R6.4/lib >> /etc/ld.so.conf &&
>    make install &&
>    make install.man &&
>    /sbin/ldconfig
>
> Configure XFree86:
>
>    export PATH=$PATH:/usr/X11R6.4/bin
> (You will also want to put this in your .bashrc or .bash_profile)
>
>    cd /dev
>
>    ln -s /dev/psaux mouse
>
> (Use your own mouse device if not /dev/psaux, e.g. /dev/ttys0 for a serial
> mouse connected to COM1)
>
>    XFree86 -configure
>
> This will auto-detect your graphics hardware - black screen for
> several seconds - and create /root/XF86Config.new. Make sure that the
> information in XF86Config.new is correct.
>
>    cp /root/XF86Config.new /etc/X11/XF86Config.new
>    XFree86 -xf86config /etc/X11/XF86Config.new
>
> This will test the server. You won't get anything but a flimmering
> 640x480 screen with an annoying pattern and an X shaped moused cursor
> that you can move (if the mouse works). Press Ctrl-Alt-Backspace to exit
>
>    cd /etc/X11
>    mv XF86Config.new XF86Config
>
> Congratulations! You have just installed X.
>
> But you'll probably want to do some more configuring in
> XF86Config. Read the XF86Config(5x) manpage. It won't tell you much,
> though. Maybe you should skip it and read
> /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/XF86Config.eg which is a well-commented example.
>
> Some things you will surely want to set are
>
>    Section "InputDevice"
>       Identifier  "Keyboard0"
>       Driver      "keyboard"
>       Option "XkbModel" "pc102"
>       Option "XkbLayout" "<your layout>"
>       Option "AutoRepeat"  "250 30"
>    EndSection
>
> and
>
>    Section "Monitor"
>       Identifier   "Monitor0"
>       VendorName   "Iiyama"
>       ModelName    "VisionMaster 450"
>       HorizSync    27-102
>       VertRefresh  50-160
>    EndSection
>
> Of course you will need to enter the correct values for your monitor. If
> you set the right values you don't need to fiddle with modelines anymore
> (what a relief!) because XFree86 will choose an appropriate VESA mode with
>
> a high refresh rate. Just specify what mode you want like this:
>
>    Section "Screen"
>      Identifier "Screen0"
>      Device     "Card0"
>      Monitor    "Monitor0"
>      DefaultDepth 16
>      SubSection "Display"
>        Depth     16
>        Modes   "1024x768"
>        Virtual 1280 960
>      EndSubSection
>    EndSection
>
> This is all it takes to get a nice virtual screen of 1280x960 with a real
> resolution of 1024x768 with eye-friendly 85Hz (on my system, it depends on
>
> your monitor's capabilities of course).
>
> Now read the XFree86-HOWTO you get from linuxdoc.org. It will give
> you an overview of how X is started. Read the scripts
> /usr/X11R6/bin/startx  and /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/xinit/xinitrc
> These scripts determine what happens when you type "startx".
>
> NOTE:
>
> Ryan Strayer offers these cautions based on his 4.2 install: "No
> special flags or anything .. but I did have to manually edit the
> site.def file and change the XKB from NO to YES .. otherwise I kept
> bombing out on the install. I also had another issue compiling, but
> only if you use GCC 2.95 - which you will if you're using LFS 3.1RC1
> .. I guess I skipped patching GCC. Once I recompiled GCC 2.95 with the
> patch, and then recompiled GLIBC, X4.2 compiled right off the bat
> using a clean source tree."
>
> ENABLING TTF SUPPORT:
>
> The following was adapted from the x11.txt hint.
>
> Enabling TTF support
> --------------------
>    To use TrueType fonts we need to have not just fonts but also
>    auxiliary files which X server uses like "directory listing" for ttf
> files
>    installed. One of these files, fonts.scale, could be created
>    using utility ttmkfdir, which is not included in XFree86-4.02 package.
>    In turn, ttmkfdir requires package freetype-1.x.x installed.
>    However, because ttmkfdir tarball includes the prebuilt executable,
>    one might try to use this executable. In this case, one might decide
>    to skip both installation of freetype-1.3.1 library and building
> ttmkfdir.
>
> FreeType-1.3.1 library
> ----------------------
>
> Download freetype-1.3.1.tar.gz from http://www.freetype.org/. Unpack
> and run:
>
>    ./configure --prefix=/usr
>    make
>    make install
>
> Ttmkfdir utility
> ----------------
>
> Download ttmkfdir.tar.gz from
> http://freshmeat.net/projects/ttmkfdir/ and unpack it.
>
> Make the following changes in Makefile
>
>    FREETYPE_INCL = $(FREETYPE_BASE)/include/freetype
>    FREETYPE_LIB = -L$(FREETYPE_BASE)/lib -lttf
>
> Run
>    make FREETYPE_BASE=/usr/local
>    install -m755 ttmkfdir /usr/bin
>
> TTF configuration
> -----------------
> Create the /usr/X11R6.4/lib/X11/fonts/ttf directory.
>    Copy to this directory .ttf fonts you desire.
>
> Run
>    cd /usr/X11R6.4/lib/X11/fonts/ttf
>    ttmkfdir -o fonts.scale
>    mkfontdir
>
> Specify which font module the X server should be using by appending to
> the "Module" section of your XF86Config file:
>
>    Section "Module"
>      ...
>      Load  "freetype"
>      Load  "speedo"
>    EndSection
>
> and appending the path to your font directory in "Module" section:
>
>    Section "Files"
>         ...
> FontPath "/usr/X11R6.4/lib/X11/fonts/ttf"
>    EndSection
>
> Now your X server will be able to render TrueType fonts.
>
> -----------
>
> Here's a little trick to view all of the many X manpages:
>
>    man /usr/X11R6.4/man/man*/*
>
> This will let you read all of the manpages, one after another (press q
> to go to the next page.) Plow through this and you will know more
> about X than 99% of the rest of us.
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
> --
> David Ayers
> Quincy, Illinois, USA
> --
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>


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