lfscd-remastering-HOWTO.txt

alisou at alixe.org alisou at alixe.org
Mon Nov 7 13:45:13 PST 2005


Hello!
I resubmit this hint.
Regards,
Sylvie
-------------- next part --------------

AUTHOR:		Sylvie Migneault <alisou at alixe.org>

DATE:		2005-11-07

LICENSE:	GNU Free Documentation License Version 1.2

SYNOPSIS:	lfscd-remastering-HOWTO

DESCRIPTION:	This is a guide that will show you how to remaster LFSliveCD-x86-6.1-3
		Note: commands should appear on one line, after the symbol #

PREREQUISITES:	- at least 1 GB of FREE RAM+Swap total (e.g. 256M ram, and 750M swap AVAILABLE) 	
		- 2 GB free on a Linux filesystem formatted disk partition	
		- Host System with SquashFS supported
		- mksquashfs tools
		- mkisofs tools
		- link: http://squashfs.sourceforge.net

HINT:

Contents
--------

    1. Host System Requirements
    2. LiveCD's structure  
    3. My working environment
    4. Boot from the lfslivecd-x86-6.1-3 and mount it
    5. Mount the work partition, create directories
    6. Uncompress .root.sqfs
    7. Copy CD's contents into lfscd (not .root.sqfs)
    8. Install mksquashfs
    9. chroot into lfshd
   10. Install any programs
   11. Create .root.sqfs
   12. Create iso file
   13. Burn and test


1. Host System Requirements
   ------------------------

	I use lfslivecd-x86-6.1-3 because SquashFS is supported by the kernel.
	If you want to use your Linux system, patch your kernel with SquashFS.
	

2. LiveCD's structure
   ------------------

	/boot
	/sources
	.root.sqfs

	I work with ".root.sqfs" file


3. My working environment
   ----------------------
	
	/dev/hdc		my CD drive
	/mnt/cdrom		content of lfslivecd-x86-0.6-3
	/mnt/hda5 		my working partition
	/mnt/hda5/lfscd		content of final CD
	/mnt/hda5/lfshd		chroot environment
	/mnt/hda5/lfsiso	content of ISO files
	/mnt/hda5/lfstmp	tempory directory


4. Boot from the lfslivecd-x86-6.1-3 and mount it
   ----------------------------------------------

	# mkdir /mnt/cdrom
	# mount /dev/hdc /mnt/cdrom

		
5. Mount the work partition, create directories
   --------------------------------------------

	# mkdir /mnt/hda5
	# mount /dev/hda5 /mnt/hda5
	# cd /mnt/hda5
	# mkdir lfscd lfshd lfstmp lfsiso


6. Uncompress .root.sqfs
   ---------------------

	# cd /mnt/cdrom
	# mount .root.sqfs /mnt/hda5/lfstmp -o loop
	# cd /mnt/hda5/lfstmp
	# cp -Rp * /mnt/hda5/lfshd
	# cd ..
	# umount lfstmp/
	

7. Copy LiveCD's content into lfscd (not .root.sqfs)
   -------------------------------------------------

	# cd /mnt/cdrom
	# cp -Rp * /mnt/hda5/lfscd
	# cd ..
	# umount cdrom/


8. Install mksquashfs
   ------------------
	
	Before starting, i have downloaded squashfsXX.tar.gz
	at this URL http://squashfs.sourceforge.net
	copy it into /sources

	If squashfsXX.tar.gz is on floppy
	Insert floppy in the floppy drive
	# mkdir /mnt/floppy
	# mount /dev/fd0 /mnt/floppy
	# cd /mnt/floppy
	# cp squashfsXX.tar.gs /sources
	# cd ..
	# umount floppy/
	# cd /sources
	# tar -xvf squashfsXX.tar.gz
	# cd squashfsXX
	# cd squashfs-tools
	# make

	install mksquashfs into host system
	# cp mksquashfs /usr/sbin

	install mksquashfs into chroot environment
	# cp mksquashfs /mnt/hda5/lfshd/usr/sbin


9. chroot into lfshd
   -----------------

	create the environment variable TOTO,
	verify the output

	# export TOTO=/mnt/hda5/lfshd
	# echo $TOTO
	
	Make sure the output shows is:
	/mnt/hda5/lfshd

	run the following command:
	# chroot "$TOTO" /usr/bin/env -i \
		HOME=/root TERM="$TERM" PS1='\u:\w\$ ' \
		PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/usr/sbin \
		/bin/bash --login +h

	reference:
	http://www.linuxfromscratch.org/lfs/view/stable/chapter06/chroot.html
	

10. Install any programs
    --------------------

	- ./configure 
	- make
	- make install
	- ...
	- for exit the chroot environment:

	# exit


11. Create .root.sqfs
    -----------------

	# cd /mnt/hda5
	# mksquashfs lfshd/ /mnt/hda5/lfscd/.root.sqfs


12. Create iso file
    ---------------

	mkisofs tool is not present on lfslivecd-x86-6.1-3.
	
	umount all:
	# cd /
	# umount /mnt/hda5

	Reboot your PC unless lfslivecd.
	Create ISO file with this command:

	# mkisofs -pad -l -r -J -v -V "LFS_CD" -no-emul-boot -boot-load-size 4 -boot-info-table \
		-b boot/isolinux/isolinux.bin -c boot/boot.cat -hide-rr-moved \
		-o /mnt/hda5/lfsiso/livecd-remaster.iso /mnt/hda5/lfscd


13. Burn and test
    -------------

	«Have a fun!» ;-)

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS:

	The team of «Linux from scratch» and all users.
	All users wich contribute at the OpenSource project.	:-)

CHANGELOG:

   [2005-11-07]
    * Initial hint.



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