New version about my hint.

Stef Bon stef at bononline.tk
Sat Sep 9 07:43:01 PDT 2006


Hello,

I've written a new version of my hint.
New is a check for the dbus-daemon is alreadt running for the user logging in.

Attached are the hint, and the two scripts.

Kind regards,

Stef Bon
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AUTHOR: Stef Bon <stef at bononline dot nl>

DATE: 2006-09-09

LICENSE: GNU Free Documentation License Version 1.2

SYNOPSIS: Starting and stopping DBUS at a KDE-session using KDM.

DESCRIPTION: 
This hint is about starting the sessionpart of the dbusdaemon. This 
is based on my hint 
"Execute scripts at begin and end of a KDE-session using KDM".

In this hint is described in general how scripts and commands are 
started at the begin and end of a KDE session using KDM.

It's very possible to use this construction with oher loginmanagers as well.


ATTACHMENT:

PREREQUISITES:
This hint requires sufficient knowledge of LINUX in general, and scripts in particular.
Futher sudo should be installed, and you should start KDE via KDM.

HINT:

Content:

1. Starting the sessiondaemon of dbus and make environmentvariables available.
1.1 About the startupfiles of Bash.
1.2 Starting the sessionbus part of dbus
1.3 Stopping the sessionbus part of dbus
1.4 Installation of Sudo 1.6.8p12
1.5 One user is more than one time logged in


1. Starting the sessiondaemon of dbus and make the environmentvariables available
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The dbus package is split up in two parts: one systemwide part and one 
for (each) session/user. The systemwide part (a daemon) is started at boottime, 
with special privileges of a dedicated user. The sessionwide part (also a daemon) 
has to started when a session for a user begins, and stopped when the session ends.

The construction with kdm I'm using here is ideal for this. One script in the 
startup directory to start the sessiondaemon for a user, running with the privileges 
of that user, and one in the reset directory an other script has to stop that daemon.

But is not so simple as that. Some variables (DBUS_SESSION_BUS_ADDRESS and 
DBUS_SESSION_BUS_PID) have to be available in the environment to every application 
which works with dbus. IMHO the setting of these variables should go in the 
bash-startupscripts. Then whatever script or application you're running, these 
variables are set to the right value. 



1.1 About the startupfiles of Bash
----------------------------------

The sessiondaemon of dbus creates a file which contains the environmentvariables. 
As stated above this file should be read (sourced) by bash when it starts for this user.

When bash is started by "login" as an interactive login shell, it reads /etc/profile 
and ~/.bash_profile. Bash is also started by "kdm", and the files /etc/profile 
and ~/.bash_profile are sourced.

My idea is to store the output of the command

dbus-launch --auto-syntax 

in the file

$HOME/.dbus-session

This file is "sourced" when bash start. This happens not automatically, but you 
will have to add the following script to /etc/profile.d :

cat >> dbus-session.sh << "EOF"

if [ -f $HOME/.dbus-session ]; then

	. $HOME/.dbus-session

fi;
EOF

This way, the environment variables are made available when Bash starts.


1.2  Starting the sessionbus part of dbus
-----------------------------------------


I assume that dbus is installed, and that it is started at boottime.
Compiling and installing it is described in the latest versions of BLFS 
(beginning 200510..). 

Create a script in the /etc/session.d/kdm/startup directory dbus-session-start.sh:

cd /etc/session.d/kdm/startup

cat >> dbus-session-start.sh << "EOF"
#!/bin/bash

retcode=0;

userid=$1
userproperties=$(getent passwd | grep -m 1 -E "^$userid")
homedir=$(echo $userproperties | cut -d ":" -f 6);
gidnr=$(echo $userproperties | cut -d ":" -f 4);
uidnr=$(echo $userproperties | cut -d ":" -f 3);


if [ -d $homedir ]; then

    #
    # do a check whether dbus-daemon is already running
    # dbus-daemon needs to be started by the user (uidnr) logging in
    #
    
    if [ -f $homedir/.dbus-session ]; then

        # do a check the dbus-daemon for this user is running with the pid
        # in the .dbus-session file
 
	# pid according to the ps command
	ps_dbus_session_pid=$(ps aux | grep -m 1 -E "^$userid.*dbus-daemon.*session.*" \
	| grep -v "grep" | sed 's@[[:space:]][[:space:]]*@ @g' | cut -d " " -f 2)
	
	# read the pid from the .dbus-session file
	. $homedir/.dbus-session


	# check they are the same	
	if [ -z "$ps_dbus_session_pid" ]; then
	
	    # dbus for this user not running
	    rm $homedir/.dbus-session
	    
	elif [ $DBUS_SESSION_BUS_PID -ne $ps_dbus_session_pid ]; then
	
            # there is something wrong: stop dbus-daemon for this user 
            # and remove .dbus-session file
	    if [ $(id -u) -eq 0 ]; then
                sudo -H -u $userid sh -c "kill $ps_dbus_session_pid"

	    elif [ $(id -u) -eq $uidnr ]; then
		kill -SIGTERM $ps_dbus_session_pid;
	    fi

	    rm $homedir/.dbus-session
	    
	fi
    
    fi	

    if [ ! -f $homedir/.dbus-session ]; then

	# only start a dbus session if .dbus-session file it not found
	# in users homedirectory 
  
	if [ $(id -u) -eq 0 ]; then
 	    sudo -u $userid -H /bin/sh -c "dbus-launch --auto-syntax > $homedir/.dbus-session"
	    retcode=$?
	    chown $uidnr:$gidnr $homedir/.dbus-session
	elif [ $(id -u) -eq $uidnr ]; then 
    	    dbus-launch --auto-syntax > $homedir/.dbus-session
	    retcode=$?
	fi

    fi

fi;

if [ $retcode -ne 0 ]; then
    echo "An error with dbus ($retcode)."
fi;

exit $retcode
EOF

chmod 755 /etc/session.d/kdm/startup/dbus-session-start.sh

This script, executed by KDM at startup will start the dbus session daemon for this user, 
and will create the .dbus-session file in the homedirectory of this user, containing
all the dbusvariables.
It will only do this when dbus is not already running for this user.

Now when bash starts at login, it reads (sources) this file.

As you can see, I've split the start of dbus up into two parts:
- dbus-kdm.sh, started when a (kdm)session starts, should be run once
- .dbus-session, sourced when a (bash)session starts, could be sourced multiple times

Futher, I use the --auto-syntax parameter, where I assume Bash is used. So I could
use here --sh-syntax, but it works.

And Sudo is needed to run dbus-launcher as the user who's logging in, and the script is 
run as root. This is the case with KDM, the Xstartup file is run as root.
Installation of Sudo in chapter 1.4.




1.3  Stopping the sessionbus part of dbus
-----------------------------------------


Creating the dbus-session-stop.sh script in the reset directory:


cd /etc/session.d/kdm/reset

cat >> dbus-session-stop.sh << "EOF"
#!/bin/bash

retcode=0;

userid=$1
userproperties=$(getent passwd | grep -m 1 -E "^$userid")
homedir=$(echo $userproperties | cut -d ":" -f 6);
gidnr=$(echo $userproperties | cut -d ":" -f 4);
uidnr=$(echo $userproperties | cut -d ":" -f 3);
	
if [ -f $homedir/.dbus-session ]; then
	
	. $homedir/.dbus-session
	
	if [ -n "$DBUS_SESSION_BUS_PID" ]; then
		if [ $(id -u) -eq 0 ]; then
		    sudo -u $userid -H /bin/sh -c "kill $DBUS_SESSION_BUS_PID"
		    retcode=$?
		    rm $homedir/.dbus-session
		elif [ $(id -u) -eq $uidnr ]; then
		    kill $DBUS_SESSION_BUS_PID
		    retcode=$?
		    rm $homedir/.dbus-session
		fi
	
	fi
fi;


if [ $retcode -ne 0 ]; then
    echo "An error with dbus ($retcode)."
fi;

exit $retcode
EOF

chmod 755 /etc/session.d/kdm/reset/dbus-session-stop.sh

This script stops the session part of the dbus-daemon.




1.4 Installation of Sudo 1.6.8p12
---------------------------------

With sudo it's possible to execute a script or command as a normal user,
being root. 

Since some time now sudo is in the BLFS book. Install it as described there.
Notes:

- documentation you'll find only in the basedirectory of the source:
README, README.LDAP, PORTING, RUNSON, BUGS, INSTALL, CHANGES and so on.
If you want you can copy this to the usual directory in:

/usr/share/doc/sudo-1.6.8p12

- Authentication can be done via PAM. This is not needed here, because the default
behaviour of sudo allows root to run any script and command.

- for other purposes, like mount.cifs, you just need root privileges. Here you use 
sudo again, but then the other way around.




1.5 One user is more than one time logged in
--------------------------------------------

For most of the situations this construction is good enough. Most users 
have one session at a time. Now what happens when a user has more than 
one sessions at the same time? Is it nessacary to start the sessionpart
of dbus for every session, or is one instance sufficient? 

This construction does not allow more than one dbus-daemon per user. 
I think that should be good enough. 


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS:


CHANGELOG:
[2006-01-18]
  * Initial hint.
[2006-07-18]
  * Changed the bash scripts
  * changed from sudo-1.6.8p7 to sudo-1.6.8p12
[2006-09-09]
  * add check to see dbus-daemon is already running for this user
    and the information found in .dbus-session is right



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